Nothing is static. Things keep changing. A few years ago, it seemed like China wasn't doing anything but building more coal plants, only caring about the rate of economic growth. The country isn't a Garden of Eden yet, but since then, environmental issues have become the #1 cause of social unrest in the country, and the air is so polluted in many cities that authorities can't burry their heads in the sand anymore.
This has led to a big push for renewable energy and cleaner sources of power, primarily to help clean the air and make the country less dependent on external sources of fossil fuels. Take a look at this:
Just last year, China said it wants 70,000 megawatts of solar by 2017, triple what they had at the time.
The graph above shows U.S. and Chinese power grids today, and what they are expected to be in 2030. The blue bars are low-carbon sources, which include hydro and nuclear (there might be other problems with those, but at least they don't spew CO2 and air pollution the way fossil fuels do), and the red bars show new low-carbon sources expected to be built.
The striking thing is that China's low-carbon capacity (old and new) in 2030 is expected to be larger than the whole of the U.S. power grid. Let that sink in. In a few years, China is expected to have built enough low-carbon power sources to power the whole U.S., which raises the question: If China can do it, why isn't the U.S. doing it to have a 100% low-carbon grid (ideally a 100% renewable grid)?
Here's the global solar capacity: