A new study in Environmental Research Letters, looking at the first offshore wind farm in the Netherlands for the past two years, finds little negative impact on the marine ecosystem--some species benefit from the wind farm, some lose out, and some are unaffected.
From the paper abstract:
Some fish species, such as cod, seem to find shelter inside the farm. More porpoise clicks were recorded inside the farm than in the reference areas outside the farm. Several bird species seem to avoid the park while others are indifferent or are even attracted....Overall, the OWEZ wind farm acts as a new type of habitat with a higher biodiversity of benthic organisms, a possibly increase use of the area by the benthos, fish, marine mammals and some bird species and a decreased use by several other bird species.
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