Joanna Eede has an excellent piece on Huffington Post Green discussing the western idea of "wilderness" and how it often excludes indigenous peoples.
"In attributing other-worldly qualities to nature, however, and in seeing them as sacred spaces where God lives but man must not, ideas developed which were arguably at the root of conservation policies. 'For decades, the idea of 'wilderness' has been a fundamental tenet of the environmental movement,' wrote the historian William Cronon. Such policies adversely affected the indigenous tribal peoples for whom such 'wild' places were merely 'home'."
Eede points out that the environmental movement still has a lot of work to do to involve tribal people in the discussions on conservation of lands. It's an excellent read, and recommended.