Sustainability has become a key concept to solving global resource and environmental issues. Several concepts have emerged in the past few decades that appear to provide a path towards a sustainable future. Biomimicry inspires and provides a way for us to adopt examples of evolved sustainable design and systems. Cradle-to-Cradle design provides a goal for enriching our industrial systems. Constructal theory provides the instructions for creating the optimized systems needed, and further, gives us the key for understanding the nature of sustainable technology. These ideas have come at a unique time in our history when, as a society, we are looking at all scales of systems to determine how we might be able to better manage our impact on Earth. Read on to see how constructal theory fits into the new paradigm.North American native prairie grass is a good example to consider when trying to understand Constructal theory (CT).The prairie is a system of individual plants that grow and change through time, it is resistant to pests, recovers from extreme weather, and enriches the surroundings. By most standards, the native grass prairie is a sustainable system. A recent article stated that the native grass prairie packs 283% more potential bioenergy then a simple monoculture.
- Constructal theory (CT) points out that systems must 'evolve' through time, no single structural design will be sustainable forever. Instead, we must recognize changes within the system and give ourselves the freedom to redraw our design. The native grass prairie does this though more then 100 species of grasses, each with their own unique character. During a drought year, one species may dominate but during a wet year, another will take over. The multiple species can 'redraw' the system to accommodate changes. CT gives us the mathematical concepts needed to determine if a system is optimal for specific conditions, and guide our design options in sustainable directions.
- CT states that for sustainable design, system architecture depends on (and in a sustainable system - is shaped by) the currents that flow through it. This idea echoes what we have learned in biomimicry and Cradle-to-Cradle. Local solutions only make sense locally, because the currents that flow through the system are unique. Just as the native grass prairie changes from shade to full sun, CT provides for us the reason why architectures must be unique to place and circumstance. Further, a CT analysis gives us an optimal architecture that fits to that place.
- It is often problematic for us to determine not only the optimized architecture, but the optimal complexity of a system. CT provides us with the method for determining a level of complexity that fits the system. Although as far as I can tell, nobody has yet used constructal theory to determine the necessary minimal complexity of a prairie, it could potentially provide a guide for developing an optimally complex polyculture (The Land Institute may enjoy this analysis). Given our previous two observations, it is likely that the optimal complexity changes depending on conditions, again increasing our understanding why there is such complexity in the prairie.
- Lastly, it is important to realize that CT echoes biomimicry, cradle-to-cradle, and many other natural observations because it is a fundamental law of physics. CT provides a unified theory for understanding these phenomenon, and gives us a tool to design within the threshold of nature itself. All we need is the wisdom to follow it.
Constructal Theory: Introduction to the Inverse of Biomimicry
Constructal Theory: Sustainability
Constructal Theory: The Science
Constructal Theory: The Applications