Sweet Flag (Acorus calamus). Used to treat fevers and malaria.
Yellow Iris (Iris pseudacorus). Used to treat colds, toothache and sores in the mouth.
Black Bryony (Tamus communis). For gout and chilblains.
Lovage (Ligusticum scoticum). As the name suggests, an aphrodisiac.
Mistletoe (Viscum album). Used to treat many conditions - hysteria, heart palpitations, fevers, etc - as it has a calming action on the nervous system.
Marsh mallow, or althaea officinalis Herbalists have used it for centuries to cure inflammations and irritations of the bowel.
Figwort, or scrophularia Grows in shady woods and is described by Culpeper as useful for healing wounds, piles and ulcers.
Goosegrass, or gallium aparine Also known as Grip Grass, Catchweed, Cleavers or Bedstraw, is seen by herbalists as one of the best tonics available for the lymphatic system.
Sage, or salvia There are many varieties of sage, some of them toxic, but it is a highly common garden herb. Culpeper said three teaspoons of it with sugar would help patients with tuberculosis. Now being investigated by UK researchers for its memory-boosting powers.