LIGHTEN UP, the lighting exhibition for this years 100%Design show in London by eco design group [re]design, looks beyond the bulb to explore an array of sustainable lighting strategies — including energy-efficient technology and design, sustainably sourced and recycled materials, lifecycle thinking and product-user relationships. We featured [re]design's [re]use examples like the Sun Jar and the Jar Jar lamp, as well as the Eco Desk Lamp and the Nesting Lamps under [re]store and [re]duce examples Circa and Plumen in Lighten Up Part 1 on TreeHugger. Today we'd like to talk a bit more about the categories [re]create and [re]cycle, and find out how pasta serves as a lampshade. Lamp photos and pasta lampshade recipe after the jump.For [re]design, [re]cycle is "designs made with reprocessed materials, [ ] erasing any sign of their origin" This is quite a challenge but with "each person in England generating half a tonne of waste per year (around a third of which is recycled) (DEFRA)", there is enough material going around to transform it into something new.
Jamsheed Todiwaladuring is one of those designers who manage to transform waste material in such a magical way that you'd never guess it had had another life before. Crush (left image above) is a range of lights made from used glass and bioresin. As the name suggests, glass bottles are crushed to a fine grade and the mixed with a non-toxic bioresin, made from an extract of sunflower oil. The mixture has to cure for 8 hours in its mould (no need for energy here!) and once taken out, is sanded to give it the finishing touch. The result: a beautiful simple lamp that gives of a warm light, and can be recycled again at the end of it's life.
Rather than glass, designer David Gardener chose paper to do his Pulp Lamp (right image above). Recycled paper pulp, a material typically used in the packaging industry (thing egg cartons) is used to make this lamp. Curiously enough, the lamp itself becomes its own packaging. A specially designed compartment in its base serves to hold the CFL bulb, light fixture, plug and cabling. Gardener's plan is to develop the Pulp Lamp further for large-scale production, offering a contemporary design solution for the pulp packaging industry.
Another paper-based but very different looking lamp is Flute Pendant by Giles Miller (left image below). Through playing around with the structure of corrugated cardboard, Miller got inspired to design a series of lamps. He ended up developing the innovative process of 'fluting'; a new way to manipulate surfaces. Most of the production is hand-made, using a CNC knife to cut the cardboard into stripes at a certain angle and then laminating the stripes together side by side. The floral patter is later cut out with a fret saw, and filled in again with an equal sized and shaped piece of materials where the corrugations run in the opposite direction (see image), creating a dramatic relief effect. Miller uses both recycled and sustainably managed cardboard and made sure the lamps are recyclable at the end of their lifespan.
Under [re]create, [re]design categorises 'customised designs making an emotive connection between owner and object', promoting emotional durability. The idea is that the owner of the lamp is somehow involved with the creation of the object, in order to build up a special relationship between the owner and the product.
The example we picked out (and you can see many more on the [re]design web site) is the Hasta La Pasta lamp by the Charlie Davidson Studio. You guessed correctly, this lamp is made from spaghetti (see right image above)! The designer's intention is for anyone to make it in their own kitchen, using flour and eggs.
Here is the recipe for the Hasta La Pasta lamp: mix 300g of plain flour, two whole eggs and two egg yolks in a food processor, cool for one hour and turn into spaghetti by feeding the dough through a pasta machine. Then you layer the pasta over a suitable container that has the desired lampshade shape, to the thickness of roughly 1 cm. Once dried, you have a fun lampshade that's fully biodegradable. And as Charlie Davidson suggest, you can always boil up the designs that don't quite come out right the first time.
You can see Lighten Up live on their tour through the UK. Their next stop is Newcastle's Design Event (18-26 October 2008). Or buy the book Lighten Up: Switched-On Sustainable Lighting, from £24 available online.