We've already visited cave-dwelling off grid farmers in Utah, but living underground is nowhere near as rare as you might think. In fact, in parts of France cave dwellings have been used as a low cost means to create durable, cool structures for homes, farms (for raising silkworms and mushrooms) and even discos and hotels. Here we are taken on a visit to Henri Grevellec's home in an old disused quarry.
Using traditional "trogladyte" quarry workers homes, Grevellec has added some touches including skylights for ventilation and lighting, and a modern wood stove. But ultimately this is exactly the kind of resilient architecture that Lloyd has been talking about—it works the same as it always has by utilizing the natural properties of the rock to keep it cool in summer and warm in winter. What could be better than that?
From an old garage turned stunning tiny house to a Spanish ghost town that was transformed into a self-sufficient ecovillage, Fair Companies have already brought us many fine examples of sustainable, resourceful architecture over in Europe. (Their US offerings are also worth a view—most notably this beautiful home built from salvaged car parts.) But it's this kind of exploration of traditional building systems that is perhaps the most enlightening.