Home & Garden Garden 10 Fast-Growing Shade Trees to Slash your Electric Bill By Derek Markham Derek Markham Twitter Writer Derek Markham is a green living expert who started writing for Treehugger in 2012. Learn about our editorial process Updated March 31, 2022 Fact checked by Betsy Petrick Fact checked by Betsy Petrick Ohio Wesleyan University Brandeis University Northeastern University Betsy Petrick is an experienced researcher, writer, and producer. Learn about our fact checking process Jon Lovette / Getty Images Share Twitter Pinterest Email Home & Garden Planting Guides Indoor Gardening Urban Farms Insects Shade trees add both beauty and a habitat for wildlife to a landscape. But there are other benefits of well-placed trees. Shade trees help keep your home cooler in the summer, saving both money and energy. A study published in Arborist News estimated that, over a 100-year period, a single shade tree properly placed near a house would "reduce net carbon emissions from summertime electricity use by 31 percent." Trees that cast shade come in all shapes and sizes, and are suitable for many climates and planting zones. If you’re looking for trees that can have an immediate impact, consider trees that grow quickly. Here are 10 fast-growing trees that can add shade to your yard. Warning Some of the plants on this list are toxic to pets. For more information about the safety of specific plants, consult the ASPCA's searchable database. 1 of 10 Weeping Willow (Salix babylonica) july7th / Getty Images This iconic shade tree also happens to be a fast grower, with growth rates of more than two feet per year. While weeping willows will grow especially well near water, there are a variety of hybrids available that can be better suited to drier conditions. The tree has extensive, shallow roots that can damage sewers and drains. Weeping willow trees can reach heights of 30 to 50 feet and have a similarly large spread. For residential use, plant the tree away from buildings and underground pipes. USDA Growing Zones: 6 to 8.Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade.Soil Needs: Moist, well-drained soils. 2 of 10 Texas Red Oak (Quercus buckleyi) Michael Rivera / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0 This beautiful, fast-growing variety of oak can provide not only a leafy canopy, but a steady supply of acorns each year, which are devoured by squirrels, deer, and turkeys. The tree’s foliage is dark green most of the year, but in the fall, this deciduous tree becomes a striking shade of red. The Texas red oak grows at a rate of approximately two feet per year, and can reach a mature height of 30 to 80 feet with a spread of 50 to 60 feet. USDA Growing Zones: 6 to 9.Sun Exposure: Full sun.Soil Needs: Moist, acidic, loamy soils. 3 of 10 Northern Catalpa (Catalpa speciosa) Pito Fotos / Getty Images The large showy flowers of the catalpa, also known as the cigar tree or the Catawba, are an added attraction to having this shade tree in your yard. The tree is great for bees, but the real magic comes from its thick canopy of large, heart-shaped leaves. All those beautiful flowers and leaves have to go somewhere—the catalpa drops a sizable amount of debris every season. Plant the catalpa away from buildings, fences, property lines, and septic systems, and make sure it has plenty of space to grow. The northern catalpa grows at a rate of 13 to 24 inches per year before it reaches a mature height of 40 to 60 feet and a spread of 20 to 40 feet. USDA Growing Zones: 4 to 8.Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial shade.Soil Needs: Moist, well-drained soil, with pH from 5.5 to 7.0. 4 of 10 Red Maple (Acer rubrum) Sarunas / Getty Images Along with casting shade, the red maple also adds a burst of color in the fall, with the leaves turning a vibrant red before dropping. The red maple grows quickly—typically one to two feet per year—before topping out at 40 to 60 feet high, and can rapidly create privacy and shade for your home or yard. This medium-sized tree offers a 40-foot canopy at maturity. The roots of the red maple tree are shallow, so it’s best to plant the tree away from driveways, sidewalks, and other walkways. USDA Growing Zones: 3 to 9.Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade.Soil Needs: Moist, slightly acidic, well-drained soils. 5 of 10 American Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) Raymond Gehman / Getty Images The American sycamore tree, sometimes referred to as the American plane tree, can grow to be quite enormous. While sycamores are often found near rivers and ponds, they can also be grown in residential yards, provided those yards have sufficient space. American sycamores grow at a moderate to fast rate—about two feet each year—ultimately reaching a mature height of 75 to 100 feet or more. The tree’s spread is equally large, 65 to 80 feet, and these grand trees live 250 years or longer. The American sycamore drops a significant amount of debris, and the limbs of these massive trees can be damaged by wind and ice. USDA Growing Zones: 4 to 9.Sun Exposure: Full sun.Soil Needs: Rich, humusy, consistently moist, well-drained soils. 6 of 10 River Birch (Betula nigra) SEWilco/ Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0 Native to the eastern U.S., the river birch, also known as the black birch or water birch, is a medium-sized deciduous tree. The tree has a growth rate of one and one-half to three feet per year. At maturity, the river birch can reach a height of 40 to 70 feet and a spread of 40 to 60 feet. The river birch is considered a pioneer species due to its rapid early growth, prolific seed production, and speedy germination. These adaptable, heat-tolerant trees are well-suited to riverbanks, but can also do well in home landscapes with the occasional use of soaker hoses to keep the soil moist. USDA Growing Zones: 4 to 9.Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade.Soil Needs: Moist, acidic, fertile soils; tolerates drier soils. 7 of 10 Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum) bgwalker / Getty Images A large shade tree named for the silver color of the underside of its leaves, the rapid growing silver maple can grow three to seven feet per year. At maturity, the silver maple averages 50 to 80 feet tall with a 35- to 50-foot spread. The fast growth of the silver maple comes at a cost: The trees have weak branches that tend to break in high winds or heavy snow. Silver maple trees should be planted away from driveways and sidewalks as the shallow roots can cause damage. USDA Growing Zones: 3 to 9.Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade.Soil Needs: Moist, average soils; tolerant of poor, dry soils. 8 of 10 Tulip Tree (Liriodendron tulipifera) magicflute002 / Getty Images The tulip tree, or yellow poplar—the official state tree of Kentucky, Indiana, and Tennessee—is a large, fast-growing, deciduous tree. In addition to its impressive size, the tulip tree is appreciated for its unique flowers and beautiful fall colors. The tree also attracts pollinators and provides a source of food for deer and squirrels. Tulip trees grow about two feet per year and can reach a height of 70 to 90 feet or more. These popular trees have a conical shape and a 40-foot spread at maturity. Due to its grand size, the tulip tree is best suited to yards with ample space. USDA Growing Zones: 4 to 9.Sun Exposure: Full sun; tolerates partial shade.Soil Needs: Moist, organically rich, well-drained loamy soils. 9 of 10 Sweet Gum (Liquidambar styraciflua) Douglas Sacha / Getty Images With unique star-shaped leaves and vibrant fall colors, the sweet gum is a popular shade tree. This hardwood grows from 13 to 24 inches per year before reaching its mature height of 60 to 75 feet or more. With a spread of 40 to 50 feet, the sweet gum provides ample shade in areas with sufficient outdoor space. The sweet gum requires full sun and is intolerant of shade. The tree’s fruit provides food for songbirds, squirrels, and chipmunks. A potential downside to this ample fruit production is the cleanup required to maintain the area below the tree. USDA Growing Zones: 5 to 9.Sun Exposure: Full sun.Soil Needs: Moist, fertile, slightly acidic soils; tolerates clay, sand, and loamy soils. Avoid alkaline soils. 10 of 10 Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra) Marco Vacca / Getty Images The northern red oak is a medium-sized, deciduous shade tree with a growth rate of two feet per year. The tree reaches a mature height of 60 to 75 feet and has a 45-foot spread. The northern oak is a long living tree: Under proper conditions, the tree can live for 500 years. The tree provides shade to humans, and also offers nesting sites and food for a variety of birds and mammals. USDA Growing Zones: 4 to 8.Sun Exposure: Full sun.Soil Needs: Fertile, sandy, finely-textured, acidic, well-drained soils. How to Pick the Best Tree Not all of these shade trees will be well suited to your yard, as the length of the growing season, the frost dates, the temperatures, the annual rainfall, and the type of soil all vary by location. The best way to find the right fast-growing shade trees for your region is to talk to an expert at a local nursery or extension office, as they can steer you toward proven varieties and away from nuisance or invasive varieties of trees. You can also check if a tree is invasive in your area by going to the National Invasive Species Information Center. View Article Sources Donovan, Geoffrey H., et al. "Properly Placed Shade Trees Reduce Summertime Electricity Bills in Sacramento, California." Arborist News, 2009, pp. 71-73. “Weeping Willow.” Arbor Day. "Salix Babylonica - Plant Finder". Missouribotanicalgarden.Org. Quercus Texana Texas Red Oak. Forest Service Department Of Agriculture, 1994. "Selectree: A Tree Selection Guide". Selectree.Calpoly.Edu. "Northern Catalpa Tree On The Tree Guide At Arborday.Org". Arborday.Org. “Red Maple.” National Wildlife Foundation. Shaughnessy, Debbie, and Bob Polomski. "Sycamore". Home & Garden Information Center | Clemson University, South Carolina. “American Sycamore.” University of Kentucky. "Plant Fact Sheet - River Birch". USDA NRCS. "Plant Fact Sheet - Silver Maple". USDA NRCS. "Silver Maple Tree On The Tree Guide At Arborday.Org". Arborday.Org. "Tuliptree Tree On The Tree Guide At Arborday.Org". Arborday.Org. "American Sweetgum Tree On The Tree Guide At Arborday.Org". Arborday.Org. "Northern Red Oak Tree On The Tree Guide At Arborday.Org". Arborday.Org.