By Polly Higgins, lawyer and author of Eradicating Ecocide.
Ecocide is the significant destruction of ecosystems and environments. It occurs both naturally, for example during a tsunami, and is also caused by humans, such as the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. It is the latter of these two that we can, and must control.
The way I propose ending human-caused ecocide is to make ecocide the Fifth International Crime Against Peace. To make this happen we need to make an amendment to the Rome Statute and to do this we need a courageous, forward-thinking leader to stand up and call for a law of Ecocide at the Earth Summit. We need visionary leaders that understand that without an environment there is no government, no business, no economic recovery, and no society.
It is now a time for wisdom, and it’s a time for ideas. And it will take big ideas and bold actions to prevent the collapse of our environment. A law of Ecocide acts as a preventative ‘think before you act’ mechanism which stops business causing ecocide. CEOs, heads of state and shareholders will be forced to reassess their involvement in dangerous industrial activity that will now be considered criminal.
It is already an international crime to cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment during wartime. Legal definitions of what constitutes mass damage and destruction in war time are already in place. There is already a piece of legal hardware which sets out the four core international crimes and the International Criminal Court can prosecute these. Governments now need to take up the cause and call for a law of Ecocide.
We need ethical and brave business leaders to demand changes as well. A law against Ecocide will allow businesses to go head on into the green economy knowing that that is the future of business. As it is now, visionary businesses are hampered in becoming greener by the fact that other businesses will find ways of doing business cheaper, but at the expense of our environment and the people who depend on that environment. As Richard Branson says, the future of entrepreneurship belongs to business that put people and planet before profit.
We need to give businesses that want to close the door to dangerous industrial activity the legal framework they need to go green and still remain competitive. We need a level playing field to allow businesses to be truly sustainable.
Crucially, we can’t let our short-term economic troubles make us ignore our environmental troubles. They are one and the same. Let’s use this current economic crisis as an opportunity to alter the way we do business and how we treat the environment forever.
Now more than ever a switch to the green economy is needed. This new economy will help us solve the economic troubles the world now faces. We can’t go back to business as usual, Earth must be our business from now on. With the climate moving ever closer to inevitable collapse, laws that make the switch to the green economy inevitable, are essential.
I ask you to join in the movement to bring about this change. Call on business and government to take action. Demand that they support a law of Ecocide which will trigger the business revolution that we so desperately need.
A better, healthier world is just around the corner, we just need to put the laws in place that will make the green revolution happen. The Earth Summit in Rio gives us a chance to do just this.