Part of Ford's "Green Strategy"
Ford is trying to adapt to the new car market (what's left of it, anyway) by bringing over European cars like the frugal Fiesta, and by building new more efficient engines which it calls "EcoBoost". What makes them better from a fuel economy and CO2 emission point of view is the combination of direct injection technology with turbocharging.
Ford's EcoBoost Engines
The combination of direct injection, which helps achieve more control over combustion, and turbocharging, which uses some of the energy normally lost via the exhaust to compress air and increase the mass of air in the cylinders, resulting in more power, makes the EcoBoost engines 20% more fuel efficient and reduces CO2 emissions by 15% compared to similar non-EcoBoost engines, according to Ford. Hopefully this will really be used to downsize engines and make cleaner cars instead of just making bigger and more powerful cars, as has been the norm lately.
Cleveland Engine Plant #1
From Ford's release:
Ford Motor Company is resuming production at its storied Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1, which becomes the first manufacturing site to build Ford’s new fuel-efficient EcoBoost engines.
The plant, idled since 2007, is ramping up pre-production of 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 engines that will be optional on the 2010 Lincoln MKS, Lincoln MKT and Ford Flex and come standard on the 2010 Ford Taurus SHO. [...]
Ford invested $55 million for tooling and equipment upgrades at Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1 to build the EcoBoost engine. Approximately 250 employees will form the shift to build the engine. The plant will be staffed by employees from the existing three plants at the site.
Hopefully some 4-cylinder EcoBoost engines will also be made soon.
Ford says that by 2013, more than 90 percent of Ford’s North American lineup will be available with EcoBoost technology.
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