Science Technology The 7 Best Energy-Efficient Air Conditioners of 2023 Stay cool and feel good with these sustainable units. By Amber Nolan Amber Nolan College at Brockport, State University of New York Amber Nolan is a freelance writer for Treehugger who is passionate about sustainable living, nature, and outdoor adventure. Learn about our editorial process Updated September 30, 2022 Share Twitter Pinterest Email Science Space Natural Science Technology Agriculture Energy We independently evaluate all recommended products and services. If you click on links we provide, we may receive compensation. Learn more. Treehugger / Chloe Jeong Our modern love affair with air conditioners is conflicting. They provide relief from summer heat and allow us to live comfortably, and save lives in hot regions and during heatwaves. But they also harm the environment by contributing heavily to planet-warming pollution in two major ways ways. First, air conditioning units require a lot of energy to operate, and until all the electricity supplied to our homes comes from clean sources, flipping on the AC means burning fossil fuels. Second, many air conditioners historically use hydrofluorocarbons, which become a powerful greenhouse gas if they leak during repair or disposal of the device. When it's time to get rid of an old air conditioner, it's important to dispose of it properly. The good news is that manufacturers are developing alternatives to hydrofluorocarbons and other new ways to make air conditioning more sustainable, but there’s still a long way to go. Today, one of the biggest differences you can make when shopping for a new AC is looking for a unit that requires less energy. The most efficient units now consume about 30% less electricity than standard units, helping to slice your electric bills and reduce carbon emissions. You can also cut carbon emissions by deploying some low-tech tricks to cool your home, to keep the AC turned off just a little longer. We researched the market to find the best energy-efficient air conditioners currently on the market. The Rundown Best Overall: Lennox XC25 at Lennox.com Jump to Review Runner Up: Amana AVXC20 at Amana-hac.com Jump to Review Best Budget: Keystone KSTAW05CE at Walmart Jump to Review Best Portable: Whynter ARC-14S 14,000 BTU Dual Hose Portable Air Conditioner at Walmart Jump to Review Best for Small Rooms: Frigidaire 6,000 BTU Window-Mounted Air Conditioner at Amazon Jump to Review Best Window: LG Electronics 14000 BTU Dual Inverter Window Air Conditioner at Ajmadison.com Jump to Review Best for Large Rooms: Senville SENA-24HF/Z Mini Split Air Conditioner at Amazon Jump to Review Best Overall Lennox XC25 Courtesy of Lennox View On Lennox.com For an ultra-efficient central air conditioning unit, it’s difficult to top the Lennox XC25. Rated most efficient by EnergyStar for 2022, this air conditioner has an outstanding SEER rating of 26 thanks to its advanced technology. While many central units have one or two stages with one steady speed or two speeds (low and high), the Lennox XC25 is designed with multiple, precise speed adjustments in a range of 1% increments. This allows temperatures to remain consistent, even when the unit cycles on or off. The unit also controls humidity, with different moisture levels removed based on the climate (normal regions, dry areas, or coastal), and produces around 50 decibels of sound, making the XC25 significantly quieter than similar units. Runner Up Amana AVXC20 Courtesy of Amana View On Amana-hac.com With a SEER rating of up to 24.5, the Amana AVXC20 is a high-quality, quiet central air conditioner that can help to drastically reduce a home's energy bill if it's time to replace an older unit. Specialized inverter technology allows the power and speed levels to be automatically adjusted to use less energy when reaching the set thermostat temperature (so the compressor doesn’t have to be working harder than it needs to). The unit includes an extensive warranty. The AVXC20 earned EnergyStar’s most efficient rating for 2022. The 7 Best Energy-Efficient Fans of 2023 Best Budget Keystone KSTAW05CE Courtesy of Walmart View On Walmart View On Amazon View On Home Depot Highly energy-efficient air conditioners are typically more expensive, but the EnergyStar-rated Keystone KSTAW05CE is a budget-friendly way to stay cool while keeping energy consumption low. The 5,000 BTU window unit is surprisingly quiet and has various energy-saving options like sleep mode, three cooling and fan speeds, and an energy-saving mode. For added convenience, there’s also a programmable thermostat, LED display, timer and a remote control. The Keystone’s CEER rating is 12.1, making the average yearly cost around $40 to run. While the air conditioner is a great value, it’s not ideal for larger rooms. Price at time of publish: $240 Best Portable Whynter ARC-14S 14,000 BTU Dual Hose Portable Air Conditioner Amazon View On Walmart View On Amazon View On Wayfair This style of air conditioner sits on the floor, and uses hoses that connect to the window, which means less of your window is blocked than a window-mounted unit. Easily mobile, the Whynter ARC-14SH has several additional features to help reduce its environmental impact, plus it also has a heater, dehumidifier and fan (however, a cooling-only version is available). The 14,000 BTU unit can cool up to 500 square feet and recycles moisture during the cooling process through its auto drain technology. It also uses R-32 refrigerant that allows for 10% less energy consumption that other refrigerants. The air filters can be easily washed when dust or debris collects, helping to improve air quality. The Whynter includes an exhaust hose, window kit, and remote control with a timer function to help conserve energy. It also comes with a protective cover that help keeps the unit clean when it's stored. Price at time of publish: $628 Best for Small Rooms Frigidaire 6,000 BTU Window-Mounted Air Conditioner FFRE063ZA1 Courtesy of Amazon View On Amazon View On Wayfair View On Appliancesconnection.com Finding the right air conditioner to match the size of the room is important, and bigger air conditioners aren’t always better. A larger unit in a smaller room will keep more humidity inside, leaving a sticky feeling in the air. For rooms between 150 and 250 square feet, the Frigidaire Energy Star 6,000 BTU is an excellent choice. Reasonably priced, this 110-volt window unit has an energy efficiency rating (EER) of 12.1, with temperature and fan settings easily adjusted by remote control (or the main panel). There’s also a sleep function, auto function, three cooling speeds, and 24-hour timer. Price at time of publish: $259 Best Window LG Electronics 14000 BTU Dual Inverter Window Air Conditioner with Wi-Fi Control Courtesy of Home Depot View On Ajmadison.com With dual inverter technology, the LG 14,000 BTU window air conditioner has a CEER rating of 14.7, is up to 25% more efficient than the EnergyStar requirements, and was the recipient of the EnergyStar 2018 Emerging Technology Award. In addition to being efficient, the unit is quieter than most (just 44 decibels) and costs about $68 per year to run. Controlled by a remote, touch panel, or through Google Assistant and Amazon Alexa, adjusting the air conditioning settings is simple–even when you're on the go. The LG unit uses R32 refrigerant and can cool up to 800 square feet. Best for Large Rooms Senville SENA-24HF/Z Mini Split Air Conditioner Courtesy of Amazon View On Amazon View On Senville.com Mini splits are another popular cooling option, and they also switch to heating when the temperature drops. They typically have a space-saving, ductless design, which is mounted to an exterior wall to exchange heat from indoors to outdoors or vice versa. The SENA-24HF is an excellent mini split that's available to DIYers with a SEER rating of 20.5, and it has the capability of cooling a room between 1,200 and 1,450 square feet. EnergyStar certified, the 24,000 BTU unit also has heating (for the cooler months), dry, and turbo modes. To top it off, it’s WiFi enabled (or controlled by remote) and compatible with Google Home. Other features include self-cleaning, a built-in dehumidifier, remote-controlled thermostat, and refrigerant leak detection. Installing a mini-split is a pretty big job, because the refrigerant tube must travel through your wall from the exterior unit to the interior air handler, and the unit needs to hard-wired to your home's electrical system. If you're not comfortable doing those jobs yourself, consider getting a quote from a licensed installer. Price at time of publish: $1,700 Final Verdict Our top choice is the Lennox XC25 for the new advancements in technology that make the unit extremely efficient. If you need a portable option, our pick is the Whynter ARC-14SH, perfect for medium-sized rooms, it will also significantly cut down the electric bill for even more savings. What to Consider for in an Energy-Efficient Air Conditioner Energy Ratings There are three major efficiency ratings to consider: EER, CEER, and SEER. Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER) measures how effectively a cooling system operates, with a rating of 12 considered to be a good EER. Combined Energy Efficiency Ratio (CEER) is the standard for window units set by the Department of Energy in 2014, which factors in energy during use (EER) and standby power. Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) is for central air conditioners and measures efficiency over an entire season. Individual room air conditioners do not have a SEER rating like the central air units, but they do have EER and/or CEER rating. The higher the rating, the more efficient the unit. Power Air conditioners can also have a BTU (British Thermal Unit) rating, which measures how much heat is removed from the air. A higher BTU rating indicates a more powerful device. You will want to consider the room’s size when selecting a window unit, and select a higher BTU conditioner for for a larger room. Some experts recommend about 20 BTU for each square foot in the space you want air conditioned. Installation You may already have a central air setup, and are just looking to replace the outdoor compressor unit with a more efficient upgrade. That can be a more straight forward one-to-one swap, but it's still a job for a professional installer. However, if you don’t already have an HVAC system, installing a new one is a major construction project that will require a contractor. If you’re looking into a system that can cool your whole house, a heat pump system is a good option to consider, but also requires a professional installation. If that’s not in the budget, or if you’re a renter, a window AC or portable unit is the way to go. Portable units typically sit on the floor inside, and use hoses that connect to a window. Window units are mounted in the window using wings and brackets. Before you buy, it’s always a good idea to measure your windows to make sure they meet the size specifications required by the air conditioner. Why Trust Treehugger? The author of the article, Amber Nolan, resides in South Florida and conducted extensive research on air conditioners before purchasing her own energy-efficient window unit. Once your air conditioning is installed, be sure to check out Treehugger's tips for making the most of it.