Culture Holidays Up, Up and Away With a Thanksgiving Tradition By John Donovan Writer Arizona State University John Donovan is a freelance writer based in Atlanta. He writes on a range of topics including nature, health, history, and pop culture. our editorial process John Donovan Updated November 25, 2019 It wouldn't be a party (or a parade) without Spongebob Squarepants. Scott Cornell/Shutterstock.com Share Twitter Pinterest Email Culture History Travel Sustainable Fashion Art & Media Holidays Community For pure, kitschy Americana, it's tough to beat a huge, helium-filled cartoon character floating down the streets of New York City. Who among us doesn't enjoy gawking at a Pillsbury doughboy so big that if he really was made of dough, he'd make about 4 million crescent rolls? Or a single, angry eyebrow on a bird — as in an Angry Bird — that checks in at 7 feet long? The 93rd Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade rolls on again this week with its usual complement of marching bands (11 of them this year), floats (26 of them), clowns (1,000-plus) and other performers. But, c’mon. We all know who the stars of the show are. If the wind allows — and that's a big if for this year — Macy's says 16 giant character balloons will make their way down the streets of Manhattan on Thursday, creating a lot of finger pointing among 3.5 million or so people lining the parade route and 50 million others watching on TV. These balloons are a testament to American ingenuity and engineering — maybe even more than being kitsch or Americana or unbridled commercialism. Really, who else would take months to design and build a balloon shaped like an acorn that's large enough to hold 15 million real acorns? Here's the lowdown on those high-flying Macy’s balloons ... Yes, that's helium at work — and lots of it. An average of about 12,000 cubic feet of helium is pumped into each balloon the night before the parade. The helium, which is manufactured from a plant in Kansas run by Messer, is shipped to a Pennsylvania plant, converted into gas and trucked to NYC. Messer recently acquired Linde, which supplied helium for the parade for 24 straight years. Linde had said that somewhere around 300,000 cubic feet is used in the parade each year, enough to fill a half-million Mylar party balloons. How big are these things? At 67 feet, the Ronald McDonald balloon is as high as a six-story building. The Red Mighty Morphin Power Ranger is 78 feet long, which Macy's points out is as long as 13 bicycles. They can weigh 400 pounds or more. What if one pops? Accidents happen. But each balloon is divided into sections — a hand, just a thumb, an angry eyebrow, a hat, whatever — so if a portion of the material tears, or a seam rips, the whole mess doesn’t melt, Wicked Witch of the West-like, into a pile of polyurethane in the middle of the Avenue of the Americas. What if one breaks away? Each of the giant balloons has anywhere from 50-90 people marching underneath it, holding onto handles — they’re called "bones" — with the anchor ropes wound around them. First off, no balloon is going to break away from all those handlers. And even if every handler dropped his or her bone, each giant balloon has a couple of "anchor" vehicles underneath, too. A balloon escaping isn't the real risk. But what about the wind? That could make things a little dicey, eh? Oh, yeah. That can be risky. The Cat in the Hat was buffeted around by strong winds in 1997, hitting a street lamp and showering debris that injured four spectators. After that, New York City implemented a wind rule: The giant balloons can't fly when winds are more than 23 mph or gusting more than 34 mph. Even with winds less than that, things can get tricky. The M&Ms; balloon knocked over a lamppost in 2005, injuring two sisters. This year, the National Weather Service is predicting sustained winds of 22 to 23 mph and gusts of 39 mph during the parade. Weather officials will have to monitor wind conditions that morning and decide whether they'll allow the balloons to fly, CNN reports So what do you do about that? Each balloon has a "pilot" who monitors wind speed at all times during the parade route, including at intersections (which can be particularly gusty and tricky). The pilots can instruct the handlers to pull the balloon lower, if the winds are better down there. If a particular balloon is getting a little unwieldy, there are provisions to take it to a side street to get it under control or deflate it. But those are worst-case scenarios. Winds haven’t grounded the balloons since 1971. Who builds these things? Macy's has had a dedicated crew called "Balloonatics" who have been building the balloons since 1969. The Macy’s Parade Studio began in a former Tootsie Roll factory in Hoboken, and since has moved to a custom facility in Moonachie, New Jersey. (Here's a classic Woody Allen scene from "Broadway Danny Rose" that was filmed at the same warehouse ... mind the mild language.) There, a full-time staff sketches out designs, makes clay models, constructs them using thousands of yards of polyurethane, paints them and tests them in a process that can take up to a year. Who's new this year? Three giant balloons will debut including Astronaut Snoopy from Peanuts, Green Eggs and Ham from Dr. Seuss by Neflix, and SpongeBob SquarePants & Gary by Nickelodeon. In celebration of his 75th birthday, Smokey Bear will return to the parade. And who's back? The line-up will feature the return of Diary of A Wimpy Kid, DINO, The Elf on the Shelf, Goku, Illumination Presents Dr. Seuss’ The Grinch, Jett by Super Wings, Olaf from Disney’s “Frozen 2,” Chase from PAW Patrol, Pikachu, Pillsbury Doughboy, Red Mighty Morphin Power Ranger, Ronald McDonald, and Trolls. Completing the inflatable lineup is the Aflac Duck, Baby DINOs and the Go Bowling balloonicles, as well as The Nutcracker.