Most of America's homes were heated with coal at the time, while trains and ships used coal as fuel. Coal was used in industrial processes like making coke for steel. In 1943 President Roosevelt established the Solid Fuels Administration for War to " establish basic policies and formulate plans and programs to assure for the prosecution of the war the conservation and most effective development and utilization of solid fuels in the United States". The administrator's job was to " Prepare estimates as to the quantities of solid fuels which the Administrator deems necessary to meet direct and indirect military, and essential industrial and civilian requirements."
Next: Order Coal Now!