First Converted Hybrid Train with Regenerative Braking Could Be a Game Changer

© Jet-Foto Kranert, courtesy of Deutsche Bahn AG

Hybrid cars and hybrid buses have been around so long now, they have become a normal option in automotive transportation.

In theory the transition to hybrid power for trains should be easy, since many already have drives for both diesel and electric motors -- which are used alternatively, depending upon whether the tracks have electric power supplied (in Europe, just over half of the train tracks are electrified, on average).

First Converted Hybrid Train Starts Carrying Passengers

screenshot from Google Maps/Screen capture

But due to factors like the longer capital investment planning cycles, the sensitivity to reliability, and the more extreme conditions faced by trains, hybrid technology has been slow to leap onto the tracks, where it has been limited mostly to shunting locomotives which have particularly high energy losses. That is about to change, with the first converted hybrid train taking passengers in Germany, part of a hybrid train pilot project.

The first hybrid train project will carry passengers between Aschaffenburg und Miltenberg, southeast of Frankfurt on the Main. The route has 14 stops in just 37 km (22 miles), therefore many opportunities to recharge batteries with regenerated braking power.

Hybrid Power Pack Replaces Diesel Engines

© Courtesy of Tognum

A Siemens Desiro Classic VT 642 locomotive was refitted with batteries and regenerative braking capacity for the project. Where two 275 Kilowatt diesel engines once reigned, two 315 Kilowatt-rated hybrid power packs now drive the train. Tognum daughter MTU provided the new drive system -- intended to reduce fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by 25% by diverting energy captured during braking to batteries for later use.

In addition to reducing fuel consumption, the MTU hybrid power pack supports emissions-free movement in sensitive or populated areas such as in the station area. Braking energy can be stored in a lithium-ion battery and used for starting, accelerating, or for supplying electrical loads on the train. Battery packs sit on the roof, where they are cooled by the air streaming across the top of the train while it is in motion.

Converted Hybrid Locomotive a Game Changer

If the pilot project succeeds, the capacity to convert existing locomotives to hybrid diesel technology could significantly speed up adoption of energy saving tricks on train lines, because the train companies do not have to wait for their existing equipment to wear out before making investments in hybrid conversions of existing locomotives.

Tags: Germany | Hybrid Cars | Renewable Energy | Trains

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