London "Suffers" Through Drought Restrictions
Bonnie Alter/CC BY 2.0
It's the driest spring since 1976 and the south east part of England is under watering restrictions. They will affect 20 million people and there is a £1,000 ($1,500) fine for flouting the rules.
The cause is two years of very low rainfall and unseasonably dry weather. Reservoirs are well below normal levels and some tributaries of the Thames River have been reduced to mere trickles.
Water is precious and we should all be trying to use less of it in everyday life. During the last drought there was a ten per cent reduction in demand for water, so people can do it. The funny thing about the ban is that the restrictions are things that we should be doing all the time, not just during a drought.
For example, using greywater, which is recycled household water, to water plants.
--Getting a rainwater barrel (called butts in the UK) for the garden and collecting rain water in it. This can then be used to water plants. In fact many people are doing this--so far three times the amount sold last year have already been snatched up by eager gardeners.
--Use a watering can to water plants: double the number of these have also been sold to date.
--Using a trickle irrigation system in the garden--they release the water gradually and are more efficient.
--No filling the wading pool with a hose, although buckets of water are allowed.
--No filling up the swimming pool either.
--Washing your car with a bucket and elbow grease, not with the hose.
--No more container gardening: just use plants that grow in the ground.
So how bad is it to use a hose? Apparently "hosepipes typically use 225 litres in 15 minutes – that's 900 litres in an hour. When used they tend to be left on for long periods of time, so a hosepipe ban is seen as a relatively effective way to cut down on excessive water usage."
Bonnie Alter/CC BY 2.0
The glorious fountain in Trafalgar Square is switched off as part of the ban. So will 29 other fountains in the London area. But not the Diana Memorial Fountain as it has its own borehole supply.
But even if everyone behaved and followed the ban, the problem would not be solved. Despite the best intentions, the real issue is the water companies: they lose 3.36 billion litres of water a day in leaks. If the leaks were fixed there would be more than enough water. Thames Water was the worst; losing more than 600 million litres a day.
The ban is crucial to saving wildlife which has suffered since the winter in some areas. One official explained "This hosepipe ban is an essential part of dealing with a crisis which could be devastating for wildlife in our countryside. Reducing demand now will help keep more water in the environment, keeping rivers flowing for longer and protecting their precious wildlife."
As for enforcing the ban...the seven water companies have said that they won't be because they've "got better things to do with our money, like fixing leaks."